Jan Paweł II - "Pielgrzym wśród pielgrzymów"
Jackowski A. (red.), 1997, Jan Paweł II - "Pielgrzym wśród pielgrzymów", Peregrinus Cracoviensis, z.5..
Język publikacji: polski
Sanktuarium w nauczaniu Jana Pawła II
Geografia pielgrzymek Jana Pawła II
Przesłania pielgrzymkowe Jana Pawła II do krakowskiego środowiska teologicznego
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Młodzieńcze pielgrzymki Karola Wojtyły do Kalwarii Zebrzydowskiej a fenomen Sanktuarium Kalwaryjskiego
Słowiański pieśniarz na gościńcach Pana. O młodzieńczych peregrynacjach w juweniliach poetyckich Karola Wojtyły
A Slavonic Pilgrim on the Paths of God. An essay concerning youthful peregrinations in Karol Wojtyla's juvenile poetry
Summary: Theatre and literature have been Karol Wojtyła's passion since his early high school years. He debuted as an actor at the age of thirteen in Sobótka by S.Mikuta. Soon afterwards, one of his colleagues noticed that Lolek was writing poems and disclosed this secret to other boys. Although Wojtyła soon gained popularity as an actor in his hometown Wadowice, successfully performing in local theatrical troupes, only few friends knew about his literary attempts. One of these few was Kazimierz Foryś, a Wadowice teacher of Polish, attached to the Czartek literary group. Wojtyła had met the leader of this group, Emil Zegadłowicz, while still in gymnasium. Specific for the Czartak period of Zegadłowicz's output, Wojtyła's juvenile works are characterised by fascination with regionalism, the nearby Beskid Mountains, and everyday activitiesthe life of a simple man and his concept of reality which is nothing else but the wandering along God' s road, along the roads and pathways of the Beskid Mountains 'guarded' by flowery wayside shrines and holy images by the local artist Jędrzej Wowra, constituting a decalogue of human aspirations in everyday life. Unfortunately, Wojtyła's first book of poems, Ballady Beskidzkie, written very much in the style of the Czartak group, has disappeared. His second, titled Psałterz - Księga Słowiańska, was completed in the spring of 1939 and very much centres around the same subject matter, although one can already see the explicitly stressed hierarchy of the author's system of values and his way of artistic searches. In his letter addressed to Mieczysław Kotlarczyk, the author writes: 'There is a certain synthesis of youth in them: the Christ of the new Middle Ages, love for Cracow, the symbol of the Wawel castle and the reminiscences of the Beskid Mountains at Midsummer, the Beskid of Wowrow and the Beskid of ourselves. It is a profession of faith and the hardships of youth in overcoming banalities and also, in a sense, a philosophical work. My intention was to break a breach.' Who and what was the breach intended against? Against the then fashionable secular and leftist tendencies. Also against young Zegadłowicz's Zmory which upset many readers, not only those of Wadowice. Further in the same letter Wojtyła writes: 'Latin Polish character based on Christianity is a huge power: the kingdom of spirit, the idea worthy of God'. On the roads used by pious inhabitants of the Beskid, on everyday trails of human desires and searches, he notices the most important aim - the Creator of all order. In Magnificat, a hymn somehow crowning this volume and described by Wojtyła as a 'hymn of mankind', he expresses the basic aim of his pilgrimages: I wander your roads; a Slav troubadour, at midnight I play for girls, and shepherds watching their herds, but my song, full of prayers, the song as great as the world I throw only before Your oak Throne. Without abstaining from the joys of everyday life Wojtyła explicitly orders the primary values of life, directing them towards 'The God of great Poetry'- Christ, who half opens the arms of the cross to 'the hearts united in the Word' and has mercy upon them.
Peregrinus Cracoviensis, 1997, z.5, s. 103-116.
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