Bilska-Wodecka E., Sołjan I. (red.), 2010 , Peregrinus Cracoviensis, z. 21.
Recenzje: prof. dr hab. Antoni Jackowski, prof. dr hab. Eugeniusz Rydz
Język publikacji: polski
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Tożsamość i droga pielgrzyma w nauczaniu George'a Basila Hume'a
Geneza i funkcjonowanie sanktuariów Pańskich w Polsce w okresie odnowy potrydenckiej (XVI-XVIII w.)
Prześladowanie polskiego duchowieństwa rzymskokatolickiego przez niemieckie władze okupacyjne
Persecution of Polish Roman Catholic clergy by German occupation forces
Summary: The organizers of the International Conference in Sachsenhausen (former German death camp) created a presentation titled: "Nazi persecution of educated elites in Poland and Czechoslovakia. Contexts and cultural memory." The presentation was made on November 21, 2009 during the third session of the conference titled: "Arrests during the first part of World War II. Historiography, social perception, cultural significance, and political memory." The administrative division of Nazi-occupied Poland was shown first. Western Poland was incorporated into the Third Reich and divided into the following provinces: Reichsgau Danzig-Westpreussen, Reichsgau Posen (since 1940: Wartheland), and Provinz Schlesien (since 1941: Oberschlesien). The remainder of the country was placed under the so-called Generalgouvernement. In 1941, the Distrikt Galizien joined the Generalgouvernement zone. The next part of the presentation addressed the reasons for the persecution of Polish clergy, the means used to accomplish this goal, the extent of the extermination process as well as its results. The aforesaid process began when Germany invaded Poland on September 1, 1939 and lasted until the war's end in 1945. The Catholic Church in Poland lost a total of 2,801 persons during World War II. This included 6 bishops, 1,863 diocesan priests, 63 diocesan seminarians, 289 priests from religious orders, 86 seminarians from religious orders, 205 monks, and 289 nuns. The largest losses occurred in the following dioceses: Chelmno, Wloclawek, Gniezno, Poznan, and Plock. The aforesaid dioceses found themselves fully or partially annexed by Germany. Significant losses were also suffered by a number of dioceses in the Generalgouvernement zone and in eastern Poland. 234 Those who died had manifested a heroic love of Christ, His Church, and the Polish Homeland. The proof of this love can be found in the canonization of Fr. Maximilian Kolbe, the beatification of Bishop Michal Kozal, as well as the beatifications of 11 Sisters of the Holy Family of Nazareth from Nowogrodek, Fr. Stefan Frelichowski, and 108 victims of German persecution. These included 3 bishops, 52 diocesan priests, 2 diocesan seminarians, 26 priests from religious orders, 8 monks, 8 nuns, and 9 lay Catholics. The above mentioned martyrs serve as symbols of the memory of all victims of German persecution. They are also a call to forgive the persecutors as well as the creators of the demonic myth of Nazi ideology. The lives of these martyrs are also important because the contemporary world is becoming less and less Christian. Ideologies such as atheism, agnosticism, and nihilism are gaining a foothold in the modern world, which opens the doors to other ideologies such as satanism. Pope John Paul II underscored the importance of the martyrs' sacrifice in his Homily during the beatification mass for 108 World War II-era martyrs (Warsaw, June 13, 1999) using these words: "They are a testament to the victory of Christ and a gift that creates hope." The words of the Sunshine Song of St. Francis of Assisi remain true to this day: "Lord, may You be praised by those who forgive their enemies and bear injustice and persecution in the name of Your love. Blessed are they who live in peace and truth, for You, the Highest One, will reward them... Pity those who die with mortal sin." The 1976 words of Roman Brandstaetter (1906-1987), a Polish writer and poet of Jewish descent, also speak volumes: "Perhaps sometime in the future - contra spem spero - when wars and hatred between nations and races cease to exist, perhaps the Sunshine Song will become the official anthem of the Republic of the World."
Peregrinus Cracoviensis, 2010, z. 21, s. 43-52.
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